Experience in the use of dental plaque removal using low-frequency ultrasound and ozonated contact medium in the treatment of catarrhal gingivitis in young people

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory periodontal diseases in the world affect from 80 to 100% of the adult population, therefore, the issues of timely prevention of the development of destructive changes in periodontal tissues and the treatment of gingivitis in young people are of great practical importance. Currently, extensive research is being conducted in the field of periodontics, new methods of treatment are being proposed, but a wide arsenal of applied means is not always effective, its use often leads only to short-term improvement, therefore, the problem of treatment remains relevant and necessitates the development and improvement of means and methods that contribute to the relief of the inflammatory process and increase the remission period.

AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of removing dental plaque using low-frequency ultrasound and an ozonized contact medium in the treatment of catarrhal gingivitis of young people.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 54 patients (age, aged 18–22 years) of RUDN University were examined and treated for chronic generalized catarrhal gingivitis. All patients were divided into two groups of 27 people each. In the first group (control group), dental plaque was removed without ozonation of the contact medium. In the second group, dental deposits were removed with ozonation of the contact medium. Hygiene level was assessed using the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index. The intensity of inflammation was assessed using the papillary–marginal–alveolar index.

RESULTS: The papilla bleeding index was used to assess bleeding gums. The resistance of capillaries to vacuum was determined according to the method of Kulazhenko using the auditory-verbal learning test-DESNA device. Rheoparodontograms were assessed qualitatively and quantitatively.

CONCLUSION: Removal of dental plaque using ozonized water as a contact medium helped reduce inflammation, normalize local blood circulation in the periodontium, lengthen the remission period, and stabilize the process.

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About the authors

Gayane R. Mkhoyan

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: gayane.mxoyan.93@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9077-7304
Russian Federation, 6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198

Svetlana N. Razumova

RUDN University

Email: razumova_sv@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3211-1357

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor

Russian Federation, 6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198

Alexander G. Volkov

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: parodont@inbox.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2674-1942

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Moscow

Natalya Zh. Dikopova

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: zubnoy-doctor@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4031-2004
SPIN-code: 3635-2998

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Moscow

Oleg I. Volovikov

RUDN University

Email: volovikov-oi@rudn.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5089-0740
Russian Federation, 6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198

Sevara S.-K. Akhmedbaeva

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University)

Email: sevara.akhmedbaeva@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5304-5008
SPIN-code: 5431-2895
Russian Federation, Moscow

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Свидетельство о регистрации СМИЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80635 от 15.03.2021 г. выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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