Contribution of military dentists to the development of modern salivalogy

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Salivary gland diseases remain one of the most common pathologies of the masticatory apparatus, presenting challenges for the diagnosis and treatment of individuals in practical healthcare settings.

AIM: This study aimed to present the contribution of military dentists to modern salivalogy and illuminate their professional journey in maxillofacial surgery and dentistry. The main scientific publications about the life and professional activity of military dentists A.V. Klementov and V.V. Lobeiko were analyzed. Lobeiko devoted to modern salivalogy, and other related aspects of modern stomatology and maxillofacial surgery have been analyzed. We present previously unknown information from the lives of A.V. Klementov and V.V. Lobeiko, military dentists well-known in our country. Lobeiko made a considerable contribution to the study of salivary glands pathology and thus developed a new direction of stomatology and maxillofacial surgery –salivalogy. The main directions of their scientific activity in the development and improvement of methods of treatment of diseases, injuries, and tumors of the salivary glands as well as rehabilitation of patients after combined treatment of oncostomatological diseases are considered. A.V. Klementov proposed the classification of inflammation, systemic diseases, and salivary gland tumors, which is used up to now by dentists and maxillofacial surgeons in the Russian Federation and neighboring countries. He improved many diagnostic methods and conservative and surgical treatment of this pathology and suggested treatment methods for salivary gland injuries and their outcomes. For the first time, Lobeiko proposed index methods of the evaluation of the severity of inflammatory, reactive, and dystrophic diseases of the salivary glands, radiation- and drug-induced sialoadenopathies, and evaluation system of the effectiveness of the treatment of the aforementioned diseases in adults, which allowed standardization on the severity of pathologies and objectification of the positive results of complex treatment. He was one of the first who used the endoscopic technique to remove salivary glands. Military dentists were credited for the study of psychophysiological status of adults suffering from different salivary diseases and determination of age-related immunological indices of saliva in adults. Familiarity with the life history of military dentists A.V. Klementov and V.V. Lobeiko, as well as their scientific research in the field of salivalogy, is useful for dentists and maxillofacial surgeons dealing with salivary gland pathology.

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About the authors

Andrey K. Iordanishvili

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov; Saint Petersburg Medical-Social Institute

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0052-3277

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg; Saint Petersburg


  1. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV. Diseases of the salivary glands at different ages and their features. Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2014;(3):85–89. (In Russ).
  2. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV. Some methodological aspects of the diagnosis of diseases of the salivary glands. Periodontology. 2012;(2):71–75. (In Russ).
  3. Lobeyko VV, Ryzhak GA, Dyakonov MM, Iordanishvili AK. Treatment of reactive and distrofisesky diseases of sialadens at people of advanced and senile age. Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin. 2015;(1):69–74. (In Russ). doi: 10.25207/1608-6228-2015-1-69-74
  4. Klementov AV. Salivary disease. Leningrad: Medgiz; 1960. 100 p. (In Russ).
  5. Klementov AV. Diseases of the salivary glands. Leningrad: Medi- tsina; 1975. 112 p. (In Russ).
  6. Klementov AV. Diseases of the salivary glands. In: Aleksandrov NM, editor. Military dentistry: textbook. Leningrad: VMA; 1987. P:212–224. (In Russ).
  7. Nizova RF, Klementov AV. Operations for diseases of the salivary glands. In: Balin VN, Aleksandrov NM, editors. Clinical operative maxillofacial surgery. St. Petersburg: SpetsLit; 1998. P: 331–355. (In Russ).
  8. Klementov AV. Diseases and injuries of the salivary glands: a textbook. Leningrad: VMA; 1972. 87 p. (In Russ).
  9. Mironenko GS, Klementov AV. Physiotherapy of periodontal diseases. Leningrad: Meditsina; 1979. 88 p. (In Russ).
  10. Aleksandrov NM, Klementov AV, Malyshev VA. Emergency dental care. Leningrad: Meditsina; 1976. 128 p. (In Russ).
  11. Lobeiko VV. Age-related features of the pathology of the salivary glands. Scientific Bulletin of the Belgorod State University. 2014;28(24):254–260. (In Russ).
  12. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeyko VV, Bobyntsev II. Psychophysiological status of elderly and senile persons suffering from the “dry mouth” syndrome. Kursk Scientific and Practical Bulletin “Man and His Health”. 2016;(4):18–27. (In Russ). doi: 10.21626/vestnik/2016-4/03
  13. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV, Zhmud MV, et al. Frequency and causes of functional disorders of salivation in people of different ages. Advances in Gerontology. 2012;25(3):531–534. (In Russ).
  14. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV, Podberezkina LA. Analysis of therapeutic and diagnostic measures for diseases of the salivary glands in a multidisciplinary hospital. Cathedra — Kafedra. Dental Education. 2014;(50):52–54. (In Russ).
  15. Lobeiko VV, Iordanishvili AK. Characteristics of diagnostic and therapeutic measures among adults of different ages suffering from diseases of the salivary glands. Kursk Scientific and Practical Bulletin “Man and His Health”. 2014;(1):81–84. (In Russ).
  16. Lobeiko VV, Iordanishvili AK, Batmanov MI, Morozov MA. Tumors of the salivary glands in adults of different age groups. Institute of Dentistry. 2014;(1):81–83. (In Russ).
  17. Lobeyko VV, Iordanishvili AK, Zaborovskiy KA. Treatment of diseases of the salivary glands in patients of older age groups. Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2017;21(1):21–25. (In Russ). doi: 10.18821/1728-28022017;21(1):21-25
  18. Lobeyko VV, Iordanishvili AK, Malyshev ME. Markers of saliva secretory immunity of persons of different age, lives in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region. Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin. 2015;(1):74–79. (In Russ). doi: 10.25207/1608-6228-2015-1-74-79
  19. Komarov FI, Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV, Karev FA. Crystallopathies in the context of the rehabilitation of the wounded and patients with comorbid pathology. In: III Asia-Pacific Congress on Military Medicine. St. Petersburg, May 8–12, 2016. St. Petersburg; 2016. P:128–129. (In Russ).
  20. Komarov FI, Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV, et al. Pathological organomineral aggregates in dentistry and general medical practice. In: December Readings in Forensic Medicine. Moscow: RUDN; 2018. P:73–76. (In Russ).
  21. Lobeiko VV, Iordanishvili AK. Radiation sialadenopathy in the elderly and old people and their treatment. Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2014;(1):75–79. (In Russ).
  22. Lobeiko V.V., Zhmud M.V., Iordanishvili A.K. Endoscopic removal of salivary stones. December Readings in Forensic Medicine. Moscow: RUDN; 2018. P:77–79. (In Russ).
  23. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV. Mumps Herzenberg: clinical picture and treatment. Infections in Surgery. 2015;13(1):31–33. (In Russ).
  24. Iordanishvili AK, Lobeiko VV. Treatment of traumatic prosthetic stomatitis in elderly and senile people with the syndrome of “dry mouth”. Dentistry. 2018;97(3):30–34. (In Russ). doi: 10.17116/stomat201897330

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. 1. Colonel of medical service A.V. Klementov

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2. Fig. 2. Papers of A.V. Klementov: monographs “Salivary gland disease” (a) and “Salivary gland diseases” (b).

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3. Fig. 3. Lieutenant Colonel of the Medical Service V.V. Lobeiko.

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4. Fig. 4. Scientific and educational and methodological co-authored works of V.V. Lobeiko: textbooks “Treatment of inflammatory and reactive-dystrophic diseases of salivary glands” (2015), “Application of import-substituting natural plant complexes from pine needles and algae in treatment of diseases of oral cavity, maxillofacial, reconstructive and plastic surgery” (2017) and “Sialolithiasis” (2014).

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