Application of a computer program in the assessment of psychological parameters of patients with lichen planus of the oral mucosa

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The relevance of the study of oral lichen planus (OLP) does not raise doubts given the unclear etiological nature of this dermatitis, potential for malignancy, and difficulty in performing therapeutic measures.

AIM: To assess the psychoemotional state of patients with various forms of OLP using a computer program (ConScale).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 287 patients with a verified diagnosis of OLP. The average age of the patients was 47.8±9.0 years; men, 121 (42.1%); women, 166 (57.9%).

RESULTS: Psychological parameters were assessed using ConScale according to the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). In comparison with the control group (n=32) of comparable age and sex according to BAI and BDI, significant differences were found in patients with erosive-ulcerative, exudative-hyperemic, and bullous forms of LP. A relationship was found between these clinical forms of OLP and psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression.

CONCLUSION: The results indicate the need to include psychological testing of patients with OLP in the protocol for a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s condition and treatment with individually selected sedatives.

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About the authors

Marat N. Vildanov

Bashkir State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: vilmaren@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3050-6304

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan

Larisa P. Gerasomova

Bashkir State Medical University

Email: gerasimovalarisa@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1145-6500

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor

Russian Federation, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan

Tatiana S. Chemikosova

Bashkir State Medical University

Email: tchemikosova_ts@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9427-2116

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan

Anna A. Golub

Bashkir State Medical University

Email: annagolub75@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1996-1197

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med), Associate Professor

Russian Federation, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
Action
1. Fig. 1. Console program interface

Download (115KB)
2. Fig. 2. Results of testing of patients with lichen planus and the control group according to the BAI, BDI scales (Prism v.8.01 — GraphPad)

Download (151KB)

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СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: 015648 от 14.05.1999 г
СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: серия ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80635 от 15.03.2021 г
.



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