Vol 15, No 4 (2011)

Articles

The state of peridental tissues in the patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis and in the subjects without somatic pathology

Ashurov K.I., Grinin V.M., Ashurov K.I., Grinin V.M.

Abstract

The results of estimation of the clinical and hygienic state of periodontal tissues in the patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis in the absence of salivary gland pathology are presented. They show that the severity of periodontal pathology combined with rheumatoid arthritis of the temporomandibular joint depends on the severity of articular syndrome and other factors.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):5-6
pages 5-6 views

The incidence of secondary dentoalveolar deformities in children, adolescents, and young subjects

Galonskiy V.G., Radkevich A.A., Shushakova A.A., Tumshevich V.O., Surdo E.S., Galonsky V.G., Radkevich A.A., Shushakova A.A., Tumshevich V.O., Surdo E.O.

Abstract

The data on the incidence of pathological changes in hard tooth tissues are presented. Special emphasis is laid on the complete destruction of the coronal portion of the tooth and dentition defects caused by the premature extraction of the deciduous teeth and the early extraction of the permanent teeth in conjunction with the resulting secondary dentoalveolar deformities in children, adolescents, and young subjects. The epidemiological survey included 1824 individuals from Krasnoyarsk-based organized groups of children and adolescents. They were enrolled in the study in a random fashion in accordance with the preliminarily calculated size of the sample and its age-sex composition. The study permitted to determine the occurrence and structure of pathologies of interest as well as age-specific periods of their development.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):7-10
pages 7-10 views

The functioning of mucosal immunity in the patients presenting with chronic inflammatory and neoplastic stomatological diseases

Kiseleva E.A., Te E.A., Kiseleva E.A., Tyo E.A.

Abstract

The comprehensive estimation of local immunological reactivity of the oral cavity tissues in healthy subjects and in the patients presenting with chronic gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, leukoplacia, and squamous cell neoplasms gave evidence of serious local immune disorders associated with pathological changes in the oral mucous membrane. It is concluded that the character of local immunological disturbances reflects the continuum of transition states from functional stress to the failure of adaptation.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):10-12
pages 10-12 views

Myofunctional treatment of vertical canine disocclusion

Kulakova E.V., Kosyreva T.F., Kulakova E.V., Kosyreva T.F.

Abstract

The results of the present study demonstrate high efficacy of myofunctional trainers applied for the purpose of dentoalveolar reconstruction, compensatory growth of the jaws and their apical bases, normalization of longitudinal and transverse dimensions of dentitions, their shape, the tilt and position of the front teeth. Analysis of the outcomes of the treatment confirmed the improvement of the main characteristics being estimated and gave evidence of the correction of disbalance between masticatory muscles that was apparent in the pretreatment period.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):13-16
pages 13-16 views

Estimation of the state of the operated maxillary sinus prior to the performance of modified sinus lifting

Sadygov R.V., Nadtochiy A.G., Orlov A.A., Sadygov R.V., Nadtochiy A.G., Orlov A.A.

Abstract

We have developed the sinus lifting procedure as a method for the rapid correction of the alveolar process volume. The operation was performed following radical maxillary sinusotomy and simultaneously with the placement of dental implants by means of splitting the cicatrically-altered mucous membrane of the alveolar process and of the maxillary sinus with their subsequent rotation.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):16-17
pages 16-17 views

The sensory function of parodontium of the front teeth group at various stades of orthopedic treatment with the use of block and single constructions

Sanosyan G.V., Budylina S.M., Lebedenko I.Y., Sanosyan G.V., Budylina S.M., Lebedenko I.Y.

Abstract

The sensory function of parodontium of the front tooth group under normal conditions and at various stages of orthopedic treatment with the use of block and single constructions was studied with the use of an original method (food item retention and disintegration test) and a Perosensometer apparatus. The patients included in the study had intact periodontal tissues. It was shown that the sensory function of parodontium underwent 3-4-fold deterioration at such stages of orthopedic treatment as anesthesia and fixation of blocks of temporary mouthguides. The sensory function either recovered after fixation of permanent single orthopedic constructions, e.g. veneers, or remained compromised after permanent bridge prostheses had been installed.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):17-20
pages 17-20 views

Analysis of the consequences of the release of stomatological filling materials into the maxillary sinus

Sysolyatin S.P., Lopatin A.S., Bystrova O.V., Shabalina A.E., Palkina M.O., Solop M.V., Baydik O.D., Sysolyatin S.P., Lopatin A.S., Bystrova O.V., Shabalina A.E., Palkina M.O., Solop M.V., Baidik O.D.

Abstract

The results of analysis of the consequences of the release of stomatological filling materials into the maxillary sinus are presented. The character of morphological changes in the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus and the chemical composition of the fragments of stomatological materials removed from the sinus during surgery are described.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):21-23
pages 21-23 views

The rationale for the use of herbal medicines in combined therapy of periodontal inflammatory diseases

Tsydendambaev P.B., Mishchenko M.N., Kuznetsova N.S., Maksimenya M.V., Bykova A.S., Tsydendambaev P.B., Mishchenko M.N., Kuznetsova N.S., Maksimenya M.V., Bykova A.S.

Abstract

The results of estimation of antioxidative and antibacterial properties of two plant species, Winter Blooming Pig Squeak (Bergenia crassiolia Fr.) and Shrubby Cinquefoil (Pentaphilloides fruticosa L.), are presented. Experimental and clinical investigations have demonstrated that preparations fabricated from these plants exert strong antioxidative and antibacterial effects and may be recommended for the treatment of inflammatory periodontal diseases.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):23-26
pages 23-26 views

Vascular changes in the fundus of the eye as a result of CNS intoxication in the patients with complicated clinical course of maxillofacial phlegmons

Shalabaev O.D., Amkhadova M.A., Shalabaev O.D., Amkhadova M.A.

Abstract

The biomicroscopic study of the fundus of the eye in the patients presenting with severe inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region including odontogenic phlegmons revealed marked changes in the vascular pattern indicative of progressive cerebral oedema and associated intracranial hypertension cased by intoxication of the central nervous system.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):26-27
pages 26-27 views

The experience with the application of Koagil VII for the teeth extraction in a patient presenting with hemophilia complicated by high titers of factor VIII inhibitor

Shinkevich D.S., Afanas'ev V.V., Mamonov V.E., Sadykova N.V., Chenchikov M.M., Shinkevich D.S., Afanasiev A.A., Mamonov V.E., Sadykova N.V., Chenchikov M.V.

Abstract

The authors describe a patient presenting with hemophilia complicated by high titers of factor VIII inhibitor who had to undergo teeth extraction necessitated by chronic periodontitis. Special emphasis is laid on the method for teeth extraction, pre- and postoperative treatment and substitution hemostatic therapy with the use of the new Koagil VIII preparation (Russia). Taken together with peculiar anesthetic procedures, the proposed approach made possible surgical intervention without serious hemorrhagic complications.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):28-30
pages 28-30 views

Computed analysis of minor salivary gland sialograms

Afanas'ev V.V., Vasil'ev A.Y., Shorikov A.Y., Afanasiev V.V., Vasiliev A.Y., Shorikov A.Y.

Abstract

The authors have elaborated a Sialodiagnostik-MSZh computer program for the analysis of minor salivary gland digital sialograms that makes it possible to effectively determine the functional activity of these glands. It is concluded that the new software extends the area of potential applications of the digital sialometric technique and may serve as a prototype of analogous methods for future studies.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):30-31
pages 30-31 views

Marketing and efficacy of activities of a stomatological clinic

Abakarov T.A., Kurbanov O.R., Alieva A.O., Kurbanov Z.O., Abakarov T.A., Kurbanov O -., R -., Alieva A.O., Kurbanov Z.O.

Abstract

The present study has demonstrated that efficacious market surveys create prerequisites for the introduction of economic methods into the practical work of dental facilities and providers of stomatological supplies and services to stimulate their activity and enhance its efficacy. The use of these methods promotes competitive relations in the stomatological sector and thereby improves the quality of dental care, filling materials, and other stomatological products
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):32-35
pages 32-35 views

Systemic problems of estimation of the quality of community-based dental care

Grinin V.M., Karakhanyan V.T., Adilkhanyan V.A., Grinin V.M., Karakhanyan V.T., Adilkhanyan V.A.

Abstract

The authors analyse the current situation with the provision of community-based dental care. The main parameters employed for the estimation of the quality of stomatological aid are described in conjunction with the characteristic of different methods used for this purpose and peculiarities of various quality control systems.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):35-37
pages 35-37 views

Stress as a risk factor of the development of periodontal diseases in foreign students

Daurova F.Y., Daurova F.Y.

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to elucidate the relationship between the state of periodontal tissues and the intensity of stressful impacts experienced by foreign students educated at the Russian University of People' Friendship during the first year of their stay in Moscow. The level of stress was estimated using the PSM-25 scale and the state of the periodontal tissues based on the CPI index. The study revealed positive correlation between stress intensity and the severity of inflammatory diseases of parodontium. It is concluded that cultural and academic stress should be regarded as an important risk factor of periodontal pathology in foreign students.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):37-40
pages 37-40 views

The influence of dental health of the medical personnel on the formation of public confidence in medicine

Dekhnich S.N., Zakharova Z.S., Molokanov N.Y., Kamanin E.I., Dekhnich S.N., Zakharova Z.S., Molokanov N.Y., Kamanin E.I.

Abstract

This paper reports the analysis of the results of a questionnaire study involving patients who were interviewed to obtain their opinion as regards dental health of the medical personnel. The questions were selected so as to provide information usually used for the calculation of the stomatological quality of life index. The results of the study indicate that the opinion of the patients as regards dental health of the medical personnel plays an important role in the formation of their confidence in medicine. The authors propose recommendations for the maintenance and improvement of dental health of the medical personnel.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):41-43
pages 41-43 views

Clinical and social aspects of the provision of therapeutic dental care under the present-day conditions; the relationship between care quality and patient satisfaction

Karakhanyan V.T., Adilkhanyan V.A., Grinin V.M., Bulyakov R.T., Karakhanyan V.T., Adilkhanyan V.A., Grinin V.M., Bulyakov R.T.

Abstract

Peculiarities of present-day dental therapy are considered with special reference to its quality and patients' satisfaction as the principal criteria for the efficacy of dental care provided to the population. The close relationship between these criteria in the system of comprehensive stomatological aid is demonstrated. Prerequisites for the enhancement of the patient's satisfaction are discussed in conjunction with sociological criteria for dental care quality.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):44-45
pages 44-45 views

The incidence of main stomatological diseases among elderly populations in the high-altitude regions of the Republic of Dagestan

Nazhmudinov S.A., Daurova F.Y., Khabadze Z.S., Nazhmudinov S.A., Daurova F.Y., Khabadze Z.S.

Abstract

The prevalence and severity of dental caries among elderly populations of three regions of the Republic of Dagestan were estimated. The study was carried out in 2008 and included a total of 600 subjects at the age from 55 to 74 years (200 in each region). It revealed the high prevalence (100%) and DMFT score (from 18.8 +- 0.1 to 21.3 +- 0.1) of caries among elderly residents of the high-altitude Dagestanian regions. These data suggest poor quality of stomatological services provided to the local population. The authors emphasize the necessity of taking into consideration population-specific factors in the elaboration of therapeutic and preventive stomatological care programs for the mountain regions of Dagestan.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):45-47
pages 45-47 views

Analysis of methods, means, and technologies finding application for the diagnostics and treatment of pulp and periapical tissue diseases in stomatological medical facilities of the Chechen Republic

Popovkina O.A., Smirnova L.E., Umarova D.A., Popovkina O.A., Smirnova L.E., Umarova D.A.

Abstract

State-owned stomatological facilities of the Chechen Republic have been found to widely employ up-to-date methods of endodontic treatment. The variety of endodontic procedures and technologies currently in use in these facilities is significantly greater than their range envisaged by the respective operating standards.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):47-48
pages 47-48 views

The application of PCR for the detection of DNA of certain actinomycetes in the patients presenting with inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity

Choniashvili D.Z., Olesova V.N., Shcherbo S.N., Sadovskiy V.V., De D.A., Talitskiy V.V., Shaykhaev G.O., Choniashvili D.Z., Olesova V.N., Shcherbo S.N., Sadovsky V.V., De D.A., Talitsky V.V., Shaikhaev G.O.

Abstract

The authors have developed and tested the first ever multiprimer kit for the identification of certain actinomycete species in clinical materials. The new procedure creates the prerequisites for more efficacious medicamental therapy of the inflammatory diseases of the organs of the oral cavity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):49-50
pages 49-50 views

The estimation of the quality of life in the patients presenting with periodontal pathology in the Repablic Udmurtia

Tarasova Y.G., Tarasova Y.G., Redinova T.L.

Abstract

This work was designed to evaluate the state of periodontal tissues in 1212 subjects at the age from 15 to 34 years residing in the Republic of Udmurtiya. The results of the study give evidence that inflammatory periodontal diseases are widespread among the young residents of the Republic and characterized by rather high intensity. The analysis of the data obtained revealed a combination of local and general factors significantly influencing the development of periodontal pathology among the population of the Udmurt Republic and age-related differences in its occurrence and severity.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):50-52
pages 50-52 views

Structural and functional relationships between intra- and extraosseous elements in the bone-implant-prosthesis system

Lepilin A.V., Lomakin M.V., Smirnov D.A., Lepilin A.V., Lomakin M.V., Smirnov A.D.

Abstract

The connection of an implant and an abutment is a challenging problem because it is one of the main factors on which the duration of functioning of the entire intraosseous construction depends. The resulting connection node (interface node) influences the state of the bone-implant-prosthesis complex and the reaction of the surrounding soft and hard tissues to implantation. A review of the literature data is presented. It is shown that the modified connection in the form of a combination of a cone and a polyhedron ensures the more uniform distribution of pressure. The definition of the concept of platform switching is proposed. The results of research demonstrating the high efficacy of application of the described method are presented.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):53-55
pages 53-55 views

Five periods in the history of Russian stomatology. A brief retrospective review

Pashkov K.A., Pashkov K.A.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2011;15(4):56-56
pages 56-56 views

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