Vol 14, No 1 (2010)


The morphological characterization of rat oral mucosa and the transitional zone of mandibular tissues after exposition to the light of diode photopolymerizer

Kozlov D.V., Romanova Y.S., Molokanov N.Y., Leonov S.D.


The article describes the results of a pathomorphological examination of rat oral mucosa and the mandibular transitional zone after exposition to laser irradiation imitating the irradiation of diode photopolymerizer, used in dental practice. The authors consider changes caused by that - stoma edema, micro vessel hyperemia, immune cell infiltration, and fibroblastic activation - to be adaptive and not pathological.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):4-6
pages 4-6 views

Experimental optimization of reparative osteal regeneration in the alveolar sockets of extracted teeth

Mirsayeva F.Z., Nugmanov T.R.


The authors conducted two series of animal experiments. In the control series, reparative regeneration in the alveolar sockets of extracted teeth went under the blood clot. In the main series, the socket was replaced by a collagen-apatite composite. After histological preparations were studied, it was demonstrated that the process of reparative regeneration was much more intensive in the series with the collagen-apatite composite
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):7-8
pages 7-8 views

Digital sialography in diagnostics of patients with sialolithiasis

Abdusalamov M.R., Afanasyev V.V., Lezhnev D.A., Litvin V.O.


The authors developed a new method of diagnostics of sialolithiasis using sialoscopy; this method makes it possible to detect a concrement in 97% of observations. The advantage of the given method is high frequency of concrement detection, a possibility to localize it and define to what degree it can move through a salivary gland duct, as well as a possibility to get a 3D image of the salivary gland duct system
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):8-10
pages 8-10 views

The use of mixed saliva laboratory values for evaluation of periodontal tissue condition

Vavilova T.P., Shtrunova L.N., Shishkin S.V., Shishkin V.S.


Chronic inflammatory processes in periodontal tissues are accompanied by an abrupt increase in the levels of interleukin-1b, tumor necrosis factor-α, annexin V, matrix-metalloproteinase-1 proenzyme, tissue inhibitor of matrix-metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), the activity of lactatdehydrogenase, aspartataminotranspherase, alaninaminotranspherase, supeoxiddismutase, and some increase in the content of α-defensins in mixed saliva. An acute form of inflammation is characterized by an increased activity of supeoxiddismutase and aspartataminotranspherase, interleikin-6, matrix-metalloproteinase-1 proenzyme accompanied by a significant decrease in TIMP-1 in mixed saliva
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):10-13
pages 10-13 views

Orthopedic treatment of patients with mandibular defects using memory-shape materials

Galonsky V.G., Radkevich A.A., Gyunter V.E.


The authors analyze the problem concerning rehabilitation of patients with mandibular defects and describe the technique of removable maxillodental prosthetics using founding dental titanium nickelide-based alloy. The article describes advantages of this technique vs. orthopedic constructions made of materials without delay effect. Clinical examples of orthopedic treatment of patients with pathological conditions accompanied by mandibular defects of various sizes and localization are given.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):13-19
pages 13-19 views

Clinical indices of the condition of the periodontium in patients with chronic generalized periodontium with various histological outcomes of the anti-inflammatory stage of treatment

Grigorovich E.S., Cherkashin D.S., Gorodilov R.V.


The article describes 3 groups of biopsy samples obtained from 74 patients with chronic periodontitis before and after a basic anti-inflammatory course (Group 1: active inflammation; Group 2: minimal inflammation; Group 3: "stationary" stage of inflammation). In 28 (37.8%) patients minimal inflammation remained in gingival biopsy samples at the end of treatment, while their clinical indices were normal, which indicated an unfavorable outcome of treatment. Retrospective analysis of the results of clinical examination in groups with a favorable and unfavorable outcome of treatment revealed significant differences between the groups. In the group with an unfavorable outcome mean age was 46.8±11.64 years, the duration of the disease was 10 years or more, Fuchs OI was 59%, Russell's PI index was more than 5.27, and the depth of periodontal pockets was 4 mm or more; these indices were statistically higher than the same ones in the group with a favorable outcome. These data can be used to predict the outcome of anti-inflammatory treatment.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):19-23
pages 19-23 views

Compared clinico-immunological efficacy of antihypoxants in treatment of maxillodental phlegmons

Korotkikh N.G., Toboyeva G.V.


The authors analyze the results of treatment of patients with odontogenic maxillodental phlegmons using antihypoxants (actovegin, hypoxen). Comparative analysis of clinicoimmunological indices of the patients demonstrated that the use of these drugs in complex pharmaceutical treatment of patients with acute pyoinflammatory facial diseases decreased the number of complications, shortened hospital stay, and normalized immune parameters in the postoperative period
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):23-24
pages 23-24 views

The effects of parental smoking on the intensity of temporary teeth caries in children

Loshakova L.Y., Pylkov A.I., Semenkova O.V.


In order to reveal correlations between parental smoking and the incidence of temporary teeth caries in children, 309 3-year-old children were examined. According to the study, maternal smoking, paternal smoking, maternal pregnancy smoking, and passive child smoking are risk factors of temporary teeth caries. The highest intensity of temporary teeth surface caries was revealed in children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy and still smoke.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):25-28
pages 25-28 views

Ethiopathogenetic aspects of chronic generalized periodontitis

Puzin M.N., Kiparisova Y.S., Vagner V.D., Mamedova L.A., Podoynikova M.N., Gnezdetsky V.V.


The article presents the main positions on pathogenetic peculiarities of chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) based on biochemical and neurofunctional parameters. Complex interrelations between immunological and biochemical parameters in patients with CGP, caused by prominent disturbances in local and humoral immunity activation systems, were revealed. The results of the study show that CGP patients have changes in the system of free radical oxidation of antioxidative protection as well as disturbances in the bioelectric activity of the brain with a prevalence of the adrenergic component in the ejection of catecholamines, which demonstrates the need for a wider view on the issue of the pathogenesis of this disease.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):28-33
pages 28-33 views

The influence of narrow-spectrum infrared rays on septic wound microflora in children undergoing complex therapy for acute odontogenic mandibular osteomyelitis

Khasanov A.I.


The study demonstrated that the use of narrow-spectrum infrared rays in complex treatment of a septic wound of acute odontogenic mandibular osteomyelitis in children led to complete elimination of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic bacteria by day 7 or 8, improved the patients' condition in general, and diminished local clinical signs of an acute process
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):33-35
pages 33-35 views

Professional'nyy stress i sindrom emotsional'nogo vygoraniya vrachey-stomatologov na detskom ambulatornom prieme

Larentsova L.I., Rvacheva E.A.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):36-37
pages 36-37 views

A clinical case of secondary d-bridement of a facial gun-shot wound

Lukyanenko A.V., Sadovsky I.M., Kupriyanov M.I., Obyedkov R.G.


A case of a blunt bullet facial wound is described. It was impossible to remove the bullet from the mouth floor wound, so the surgical approach was performed from the submandibular area using an X-ray image-converter tube, which made the surgery significantly simpler
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):38-39
pages 38-39 views

Radiological methods in the diagnosis of some maxillodental tumors

Truten V.P.


The author analyzes the results of the clinico-radiological examination of 151 patients with cystous maxillofacial area tumors. High technology imaging methods were used: digital X-ray technologies, dental 3-D tomography, spiral computed tomography, magnetic resonance tomography, and ultrasonography. Optimal radiological methods for the diagnosis of maxillary tumors were found. A design of rational application of both high-technology radiological methods and conventional X-ray examination of patients with maxillary tumors based on evidence medicine principles was developed.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):39-42
pages 39-42 views

Public health informatization. An original experience of creating an intelligent expert system

Schipsky A.V., Afanasyev V.V., Zubkova Y.A.


The authors present a differential diagnostic system of salivary gland pathology. The mathematic model and program algorithm were developed by an original method of symptom processing and interpretation. High accuracy of the program was proved by testing under clinical conditions. The authors recommend that the program be used in clinical practice. The mathematic modeling method may be used to create intelligent expert software in other areas of medicine
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):42-45
pages 42-45 views

Sravnitel'naya kharakteristika stomatologicheskogo statusa u podrostkov, roditeli kotorykh rabotayut v normal'nykh ili opasnykh usloviyakh

Olesov E.E., Khavkina E.Y., Makeev A.A., Maksyukov S.Y., Dzuev B.Y., Smel'tsov A.V., Pechenikhina V.S., Kolyabina Y.V.
Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):46-47
pages 46-47 views

Vladimir Mikhaylovich Semenyuk (k 70-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya)

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Russian Journal of Dentistry. 2010;14(1):47-48
pages 47-48 views

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